Current projects



Doctoral Research


I'm doing my PhD at the University of Oxford under the supervision of Profs. David Banister and Tim Schwanen.

Overview
My doctoral research concentrates on questions of distributive justice and transportation equity. It focuses more specifically on the distributive aspects of how transport policies/investments shape socio-spatial inequalities in access to opportunities. The four-paper thesis is grounded on a theoretical discussion of leading contemporary philosophical theories of justice, mainly Rawls’ egalitarianism and Capability Approaches. The methodology developed in the thesis contributes to accessibility measurement in multimodal transport networks by combining GTFS and GPS-based big data. The research further develops two case studies that discuss the equity implications of the transport legacies from sports mega-events in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and analyze of who benefited from the new transport developments in the city.

I'll be giving more details of each paper as they get published - fingers crossed.
  • 1st paper: Pereira, R. H., Schwanen, T., & Banister, D. (2017). Distributive justice and equity in transportation. Transport Reviews, 37(2), 170-191. [download it here]

    This paper reviews five key theories of justice and critically evaluates the insights they generate when applied to transport policies. Based on a dialogue between Rawlsian egalitarianism and Capability Approaches, it proposes a justice framework to evaluate the distributive effects of transport policies focusing on accessibility as a human capability.

  • 2nd paper: Pereira, R H. (in progressTransport legacy of mega-events and the redistribution of urban accessibility
    This paper brings together the debates on the role of mega-events in urban development and transportation equity. The paper argues that evaluations of the social impacts of mega-events should take into account the distributional effects of the transport legacies they create, looking particularly at how such transport developments reshape sociospatial inequalities of access to opportunities. The empirical analysis focuses on the city of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and the transformations in the city’s transport system in preparation for the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games. The study estimates how such transport developments have changed the ease with which Olympic sports venues and healthcare facilities can be reached by the population, and particularly how these changes are differentiated based on income.

  • 3rd paper: Pereira, R H., Banister, D., Schwanen, T., Wessel, N. (submitted) Distributional effects of transport policies on inequalities in access to opportunities in Rio de Janeiro [pre-print available here]

  • 4th paper: Pereira, R H. (in progress) Network science and equity in transport accessibility